Diabetes Diet

Do You Get All the Fiber You Need?

Few Americans get all the fiber the experts tell us we need to eat. If you follow a very low-carb diet, following their advice is much more difficult. Grain, beans, nuts, seeds, fruit, and vegetables are the only sources of dietary fiber in our food, but when we go low-carb, we eat little if any grain or beans.

But it’s likely that the experts are wrong.

fiber

The National Academic of Medicine (formerly known as the Institute of Medicine) recommends that adult men and women 50 and younger get 38 and 25 grams of fiber and that older men and women get 30 and 21 grams respectively. That’s not easy for anyone and just about impossible on a very low-carb diet.

For example, you would have to eat 2 cups of almonds to get 32 grams of fiber. And 2 cups of sunflower seeds provides 28 grams of fiber. You would need to eat 14 apples to get 28 grams of fiber. One of the vegetables highest in fiber is broccoli, but it takes 14 cups of sliced raw broccoli to give you 28 grams of it. To get the recommended amount on a very low-carb diet you almost certainly need to take a fiber supplement.

The Fiber Controversy

But not everyone agrees with the recommendation. While I have followed a very low-carb diet consistently for the last eight years — eating no grains, almost no beans, and only a small amount of nuts and seeds — I am doing very well, thank you, even without a fiber supplement.

Some of the people who have investigated the optimal diet most intensely have concluded that we need very little fiber. Gary Taubes has an entire chapter on fiber in his groundbreaking book, Good Calories, Bad Calories. Taubes shows evidence that the very few studies that “try” to link low-fiber intake to an increased chance of colon cancer are unfounded.

But perhaps the most illuminating and certainly the most interesting rebuttal to the fiber hypothesis comes from Michael Eades, the M.D. who wrote the best-selling book Protein Power and has continued to write a blog about it. He titles this fascinating post as “A cautionary tale of mucus fore and aft.”

In it he takes issue with Drs. Katsuya Miyake and Paul McNeil, two cell biologist at the Medical College of Georgia, who wrote “Disruption-Induced Mucus Secretion: Repair and Protection.” When you eat high-fiber foods, they bang up against the cells lining the gastrointestinal tract, rupturing their outer covering, Dr. McNeil said in a press release.

Is Tearing the Intestines Good?

“The scientists aren’t certain how many times cells can take a hit,” the college’s press release continues, “but they suspect turnover is so high because of the constant injury. Potentially caustic substances, such as alcohol and aspirin, can produce so much damage that natural recovery mechanisms can’t keep up. But they doubt a roughage overdose is possible…This banging and tearing increases the level of lubricating mucus. It’s a good thing.”

But Dr. Eades doesn’t think so. “We have a situation where a product causes damage to the cells lining a tube, causing them to produce a lot of mucus in an attempt to protect themselves. In the process many of these cells die and are replaced by new cells. And this is perceived as a good thing.”

He questions whether this is really a good thing. I share his concern and don’t increase my fiber intake artificially with a fiber supplement.

This article is based on an earlier version of my article published by HealthCentral.

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  • Flora March 20, 2016 at 9:54 am

    I have been followong a low carb diet for 6 wedks now religiously, trying to keep as low as poss. Have lost 20 lbs. My problem is constipation and l have had to increase my carbs with fruit this ofcourse has increased my blood glucose. I do drink plenty of water but l have started to use psyllium. Would appreciate any suggestions. Just want to get my diabetes into remission and of all the meds that l am on

    • David Mendosa March 20, 2016 at 2:15 pm

      I understand, Flora. So I turned to Dr. Stephen Phinney, an M.D. who has studied and practices low-carb eating. He told me that we simply have to increase our intake of salt when we follow a very low-carb diet. Works for me!

  • Jackie K January 6, 2016 at 1:53 pm

    I am inherently irregular and prediabetic so I naturally go low-carb. I cannot indulge in too much seeds and nuts either. I do eat a lot of salad and at least 4-5 servings of other vegetables a day but perhaps I am still not getting enough fiber. Truly each body is different and am just wondering if anyone shares the similar dilemma and has good tips to pass along. Thanks!

  • Tom C January 2, 2016 at 1:27 pm

    Have you read Fiber Menace by Konstantin Monastyrsky? He also has another book, Gut Sense.
    Have not finished the first one but find it does provoke some thoughts. As with most books the writer does have a website that sells supplements. Seems almost impossible to find information that is not tied to some sort of sales pitch these days.

    • David Mendosa January 2, 2016 at 1:28 pm

      I did read it some years ago, Tom. But I don’t remember the details.

  • Honora January 1, 2016 at 5:39 pm

    I figure what our forebears would have been eating before the agricultural revolution would have had a lot of fibre in it so we would have evolved to handle it e.g. our tooth enamel is thinner than exclusive fruitivores’ teeth as our diet is less acidic.

  • p January 1, 2016 at 12:30 pm

    I found foods alive flax crackers have 10gm fiber per serving, so this and veggies add up to enough fiber for me. Low carb nutrient dense is the way to go.

  • SueT December 31, 2015 at 7:47 pm

    I think you can be low-carb and still get a fairly high dose of fiber….not the 25+/- grams, but a good dose. My life on Atkins included a lot of asparagus, raspberries, artichoke hearts and canned pumpkin in addition to some seeds and nuts. Things always seemed to run smoothly 🙂

  • CarolL December 14, 2015 at 3:59 pm

    I have to agree with not taking fiber supplements. There’s no need to if one sticks to eating whole grain with fruits and vegetables. Plus, the fiber naturally present in food is better than supplements. A bowl of oatmeal, or a cup of berries, is preferable to downing an orange-flavored psyllium powder mixed with water. Eat real foods, limit consumption of refined foods, and you won’t need fiber supplements. An added plus, many natural fibers in foods are also excellent sources of pre-biotics; that is they feed the healthy gut flora you need, so you don’t need to supplement with pro-biotics.