Those of us who have diabetes have many good reasons to eat few carbohydrates. Two of the best reasons are better blood sugar control — getting a very low A1C level — and losing weight — getting down to a low BMI.
But getting started has its challenges. Here are some tips to make it easier.
1. Decide why you want to follow a very low-carb lifestyle. It can be to reduce your blood sugar or your weight. It does both. It will also make you healthier and happier. Decide which of these aspects is important to you.
2. Set a goal. Very low-carb means 50 to 60 grams of carbohydrate per day. But you may prefer to set an intermediate goal of 100 or 120 grams per day. Set the goal in terms of total carbohydrates, not net carbohydrates. Total carbohydrates are starches, sugars, and fibers, while net carbs exclude fiber. But fiber does affect our blood sugar. Starches and sugars have 4 calories per gram; fiber has 2. See “The Trouble with Fiber.”
Whatever goal you set, you will need to measure the carb content of what you eat for a while until you know what your favorite foods contain. See “Nutrition Scales.”